What is PCOD?
Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) is a common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. It is a condition where hormonal imbalance affects the follicular growth during the ovarian cycle, causing the affected follicles to remain in the ovary. If you have PCOD, your pituitary gland may release abnormally high amount of luteinizing hormone into your blood stream disrupting your normal menstrual cycle. As a result your follicle does not mature and ovulation does not occur, which can lead to infertility. In addition, your doctor will find your blood with high levels of insulin. Too much insulin combined with high levels of luteinizing hormone can lead to excess production of male hormone called testosterone in your ovaries, abnormally high amount of testosterone prevent ovulation. Early to sleep and early to rise is the basic mantra for a healthy lifestyle. The continuous mental stress due to studies, IT jobs, corporate work and hectic lifestyle disturb the metabolic balance of the body. The lack of exercise also contributes in gaining weight. Disturbed timings of breakfast, lunch and dinner do not give proper nutrition. Fast food, spicy and salty food can also alter the metabolism. Infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods, excess hair growth, acne and obesity can all occur in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. In adolescents, infrequent or absent menstruation may signal the condition. In women past adolescence, difficulty becoming pregnant or unexplained weight gain may be the first sign. Early diagnosis and treatment may reduce the risk of long-
Ayurveda classifies PCOD as a kapha disorder. Kapha having first affected the digestive fire – jaatharaagni starts to affect the metabolic aspect of the seven tissues called dhatu agni.
Each dhatu agni is responsible for the nourishment and formation of that particular tissue that it resides in. In the case of PCOD the dhatus affected are rasa dhatu – lymph and plasma, meda dhatu – adipose tissue and the female reproductive system.
Prevention and treatment
Ayurveda adheres in preventing PCOD in a natural way by balancing the doshas. Apart from panchakarma, Ayurveda suggests various herbs along with dietary and lifestyle changes to cure this disease.
It is an in-